• What do you notice about the setting?
• What season do you think this is and why?
• What do you think these people are doing and why?
• What details do you notice about the people?
• What do you think is going to happen next in this scene?
Then ask questions about the compostion; the use of line, shape, color
Discuss the focal point
Chart students' responses.
Prompt students to take a closer look at the work of art, focusing on the element of space. Explain that artists can use the space of a manuscript to create the illusion of illusion of depth.
Guide the discussion by asking the following questions:
• What is in the foreground, the middle ground, and the background?
• Which part of the painting appears to be closest to you?
• Which part of the painting appears to be farthest from you?
• Notice the size of the objects in the painting compared to each other. How does the how doees the artist show that certain things are far away or close up?
• Does this painting remind you of anything you do with your family?
4. Share some background information about the artwork. Tell students that a
man named Simon Bening created this work of art hundreds of years ago in Belgium.
This landscape scene shows a group of villagers on the way to church. They are holding candles as they enter the church in
celebration of a church holiday observed in February. This small painting was cut out from a manuscript—a book written, illustrated, and assembled by hand. This painting came from a page in the
calendar section of a book of hours, which listed important days for the church. (For more information on illuminated manuscripts, see "Looking at Illuminated Manuscripts: Lessons
and Ideas for Discussion.")
Part 2: Literature Connection
1. Read students a book on family traditions and talk about the different family traditions depicted in the text. Guide the students in a discussion about the definition of a family tradition.
Explain that family traditions can be holiday celebrations, places they visit regularly, gatherings they attend, special meals, birthday celebrations, special time with the family, or religious
functions. For example, some families spend Friday nights eating pizza and watching a movie together. Others have big family get-togethers in the park every summer.
2. Display the reproduction of the Bening manuscript page again. Ask students to recall the family tradition depicted in this work of art.
3. Ask the students to talk with their families (parents, relatives, or guardians) about two or more family traditions. Have students write them down for homework.
4. The next day, ask students to share their favorite traditions with the class.
Part 3: Writing about Family Traditions
1. Tell students to write a cohesive paragraph about one family tradition. Begin the writing activity by having them use a graphic organizer or thinking map, such as a tree map, to organize their
ideas. The graphic organizer should include the following subheadings: Who? Where? When? What? Why?
2. Guide students to write their topic sentence. Then have them add supporting details to their paragraph, reminding them to use descriptive words about the setting and time-order words (e.g., first,
next, then, later) to connect their ideas. The closing sentence of the paragraph can express an opinion about how they feel about this tradition.
Part 4: Family Tradition Collage
1. Instruct students to share with a partner the family tradition they wrote about in their descriptive paragraph. Then ask students to explain how they might visually represent the tradition.
Students will share the characters (family members) and the setting of the collage with a partner.
2. Pass out the watercolors and brushes.
3. Have students pick three colors. Model how to paint a watercolor wash by dividing the picture plane into foreground, middle ground, and background. Tell students to select a different color for
each section and begin. Remind them to cover the entire paper with paint. Let it dry thoroughly.
4. Tell students to depict their family tradition with paper cutouts on top of the watercolor wash. Before handing out scissors, remind students of the way Bening used size in the manuscript painting
by asking these questions:
• Look at the manuscript again. What size are the figures and objects in the foreground? Middle ground? Background?
• Think about your own artwork. Where do you want to put the people, objects, and elements of your setting (e.g., buildings, trees, furniture)? What size will you make them?
5. Pass out construction paper. Have students cut out the figures, objects, buildings, trees, or furniture that will be in their collage. They might want to sketch details on paper before cutting out
the elements. They may also either cut the whole figure from one piece of paper, or cut out separate parts of the body and glue the pieces together.
6. Before they glue the figures and objects onto the watercolor wash, have students arrange them on the paper by placing the smaller plants or objects
in the background. Next tell students to place the medium-size figures or objects
in the middle. Some of the objects in the middle may overlap those in the back.
Then have them place the larger objects, figures, or trees in the foreground.
7. Tell students they can add details to the scene with fine-point
Part 5: Class Presentations
1. Have the advanced students revise their paragraphs to include any
details they added to their final collages.
2. Have all students present their paragraphs and artworks to the class.
|Villagers on Their Way to Church, Simon Bening, about
Students will be assessed on:
• their understanding of the vocabulary (size, foreground, middle
ground, background) during oral discussions.
• how well their illustrations reflect an understanding of vocabulary
(size, foreground, middle ground, background).
• whether their paragraphs have a topic sentence, supporting details,
and a closing sentence.
• their use of descriptive words and time-order words.